Documents

Articles, White Papers, and Presentations.

Research Area: Property Law

The following blog piece contrasts the evolving nature of property law across international space law jurisprudence, focusing upon the relevance of advancing a human right to property in outer space. This is tempered by the unique environmental conditions and hazards of space; and challenges faced in the extraction, transportation, and sale of resources essential to human health, well-being, and dignity.

Research Area: Environmental Law

The following article contribution to Space Legal Issues analyzes the developing international crime of ecocide and its applicability to outer space. It advances that the codification of this crime under international law bears relevance in protecting the outer space environment through an human-rights based approach.

Research Area: Economic, Social and Cultural Law

Made as part of the 2021 International Association for the Study of the Commons (IASC) Conference, this presentation outlines the need for the creation of novel human rights in bridging the intersection of human rights and space - meeting a state's obligation to respect, protect, and fulfill human rights extraterritorially.

Research Area: Environmental Law

This external article contribution to Space Legal Issues explores the relevance of human rights in the use of space applications for integrated water resource management. and advancing UN Sustainable Development Goal No.6.

Research Area: Environmental Law

This external article contribution to Space Legal Issues addresses the application of a human rights based approach to space traffic management. This gives rise to the recognized need to respect, protect, and fulfill human rights concerning the Right to Life, Right to a Healthy Environment, and Right to Culture in creating a safe and sustainable outer space environment.

Research Area: Economic, Social and Cultural Law

This article explores the existing division in access to space between established spacefaring states and developing states. It advances how such inequality must be addressed through the promotion of the Right Equal Access to Space (REAS) - premised upon precedent frameworks in international law, and the concept of state responsibility as related to international human rights law.

Research Area: Economic, Social and Cultural Law

This article examines the existing practice of enfranchisement and self-determination exercised by astronauts - contextualising the existing human right to participate in the political process within the outer space domain. Consequently, the increased presence of human beings in space and other celestial bodies will necessitate a human rights-based approach to issues of statelessness and the right to nationality.

External Contribution - Blog - January 2021

Human Rights and International Space Law

Research Area: Economic, Social and Cultural Law

This blog piece was contributed by the SGAC Space Law & Policy Project Group -examining the 1996 Space Benefits Declaration, and analyzing the relevance of space applications in supporting terrestrial human rights enforcement through Remote Sensing Principles. 

Research Area: Economic, Social and Cultural Law

This blog piece analyzes the need for a general Right to Emergency Access (REA), in protecting human spaceflight participants in distress. This is reinforced through the recognized Right to Life (RTL) and Right to Adequate Housing (RAH) within international human rights law. 

Research Area: Rule of Law

Made as part of the 23rd Annual International Mars Society Convention, this presentation outlines the utility of human rights as the foundational basis for Constitution making and the creation of a Bill of Rights on Mars and across the final frontier.

Research Area: Economic, Social and Cultural Law

This blog piece analyzes the October 2020 signing of the Artemis Accords - advancing how Sections 3, 6 and 9 of the Accords demonstrate an implied support for human rights in relation to the Right to Peace, Right to Life, and Right to Culture.

External - Conference Paper  - October 2020

Charting a Human Rights Framework for Outer Space Settlements

Research Area: Rule of Law

The following paper was submitted under the IISL COLLOQUIUM ON THE LAW OF OUTER SPACE Symposium, as part of the 2020 International Astronautical Congress.  The paper analyzes intersection of human rights and space, and outlines the extension of human rights to persons on celestial bodies. 

External - Article - September 2020

Extending human rights across the final frontier

Research Area: Economic, Social and Cultural Law

Published on Room - Space Journal of Asgardia, the article outlines the importance of human rights in space, describing how keeping space as a peaceful and cooperative domain can be supported by established international law principles and agreements.

Research Area: Environmental Law

Published on SpaceLegalIssues, the article examines the relationship between the UN Sustainable Development Goals, space applications, and human rights.

The article outlines how the use of space applications to address climate change impacts upon human rights enforcement, and analyzes how this can be elevated in adopting a human-rights based approach.

Research Area: Economic, Social and Cultural Law

Published on Filling-Space, the article outlines the general importance of exploring the intersection of human rights and outer space.

Filling-Space is a social enterprise aimed at democratizing engagement with space.tents of human rights and space law agreements addressing humanity's presence and activities across the final frontier.

Research Area: Health Law

This White Paper explores the need for the Right to a Breathable Atmosphere (RBA) as a fundamental and non-derogable absolute human right, the realization of which is central to the survival and prosperity of humanity within its collective endeavours across the final frontier.

Research Area: Economic, Social and Cultural Law

This webinar was presented during the Moon Society's 2020 Lunar Development Conference - highlighting how the extraterritorial application of human rights values and principles into the domain of outer space is central to the stability of permanent civilian settlements on the moon, and integral to humanity’s expansion across the final frontier.

Research Area: Economic, Social and Cultural Law

This blog piece advocates the need for gender inclusive language within the contents of human rights and space law agreements addressing humanity's presence and activities across the final frontier.

Internal - Article - June 2020

A Right to Peace in Space

Research Area: Law of War/Conflict

This article examines the need for human rights under the Right to Peace, to create a stable and cooperative international order in outer space. The article is part of the Lawfare in OuterSpace series  - an invitation for discussions on the ‘laws of war’ in outer space. 

Research Area: Economic, Social and Cultural Law

This White Paper outlines the history of the disability rights movement, highlights the challenges facing persons with disabilities in space, and explores the need to promote the human rights of persons with disabilities in outer space.

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